|First race||South African Grand Prix||Prince George||January 1, 1965||Race results|
|Last race||United States Grand Prix||Watkins Glen||October 7, 1973||Race results|
Think of Jackie Stewart and you think of a blue Tyrrell notching up win after win, you think of sunglasses and sideburns, but you also think of a champion with a business brain.
World champion in 1969, 1971 and 1973, he also possessed great commercial acumen. Having seen too many of his friends and contemporaries die, Jackie wanted Formula One to be made safer and for drivers to be better remunerated for the risks they took. He had found himself trapped in his inverted car at the Belgian Grand Prix in 1966, soaked in petrol. Thankful that no spark ignited, he began a safety crusade.
Stewart was a top marksman, but failed to qualify to represent Britain in the 1960 Olympics. Perhaps this spurred him to follow his brother, Jimmy, into racing. Whatever the reason, his early races for Ecurie Ecosse demonstrated that he was special. Ken Tyrrell placed him in his Formula Three car and victories soon followed. He was pressed to sign for Lotus for 1965 but he turned them down and joined BRM instead.
Very few drivers win races in their first season of Formula One, but Stewart did, triumphing on his eighth outing, the Italian Grand Prix, which helped him end up third overall behind Jim Clark and team-mate Graham Hill.
He kicked off 1966 in the best possible style by winning at Monaco. However, the BRM was not competitive again as Brabham took control and Jackie did not win again until the 1968 Dutch Grand Prix, when he was reunited with Tyrrell.
Six years out of Stewart's nine-year spell in Formula One were spent driving for Tyrrell. At first this was in a Ford-powered Matra, and the engine powered him to three victories in 1968. The combination's second year was even more successful, with Stewart winning six races and the title - the sixth for a Briton since Graham Hill won it in 1962.
In 1970, the Matra was replaced by a March, but he could not live with Jochen Rindt's Lotus or the Ferraris. So, in 1971, Stewart went and did battle in a Tyrrell chassis. Perfecting the art of driving a storming opening lap and then controlling the race, he won six times in 1971.
The following year yielded four wins, but he was beaten to the title by Lotus' Emerson Fittipaldi. Then, in 1973, he had five wins in the bag when he reached Watkins Glen, intending for this to be his final race. After the death of team-mate François Cevert in qualifying, Tyrrell withdrew his entry. His record of 27 grand prix wins (from 99 starts) was to stand until beaten by Alain Prost in 1987 (in his 118th start).
Jackie combined forces in 1997 with his elder son Paul - who had run a successful team in Formula Three - to enter the Stewart Grand Prix team with Ford power and Rubens Barrichello and Jan Magnussen in 1997. A second place was their best result all year, but Johnny Herbert gave Stewart its first win at the Nurburgring in 1999 before the team was sold to Ford and re-badged as Jaguar for 2000.
Strengths and weaknesses
A brilliant wet-weather driver, Stewart was able to get the most out of any car he drove, best shown by his second world championship in 1971 when his V8 Tyrrell repeatedly thwarted the higher-powered and fancied 12-cylinder Ferraris
His victory for Ken Tyrell at the Nurburgring, one of the most dangerous circuits, in 1968 in appalling conditions was achieved even though he drove with his wrist in a special cast after an accident earlier in the season. Driving almost blind in driving rain, Stewart admitted "it was a teeth gritting effort"
His moment of triumph - what should have been his 100th and final grand prix as he bowed out as champion - was blown apart by the death of his close friend, protégé and team-mate Cevert. It was a wretched and unfitting end for a man who had done so much to improve safety standards
"Cornering is like bringing a woman to climax"
"In my sport, the quick are too often listed among the dead"
An excellent shooter, Stewart narrowly missed out on selection for the British Olympic team in 1960
He discovered he was dyslexic aged 42