The Red Bull team joined F1 in 2005 after the energy drink company bought out Jaguar Racing in November 2004. The price was $1 but with the caveat that the new owner invest $400million in the team's development over the next three years. Spearheaded by the money of Dietrich Mateschitz, the team has enjoyed a phenomenal rise to prominence, going from a newly-formed team to world champions in just five years.
Christian Horner became the youngest team principal in F1 when he came in to lead the team in their opening championship. Under power from Cosworth, they immediately outperformed the Jaguar team, amassing more points in their first two races than Jaguar had scored in the entire previous season.
For 2006 Red Bull managed to attract Adrian Newey to the team as technical director. Formerly with McLaren and Williams, Newey was seen as one of the best technical minds in the sport. They also switched engines to the V8 from Ferrari.
Although the season got off to a slow start, David Coulthard managed to score a point in Australia and followed that later in the season with the team's first podium, third in the Monaco Grand Prix. A scattering of other points finishes by both Coulthard and team mate Christian Klien saw the team finish 7th in the constructors' championship with 16 points.
The 2007 season saw the debut of the first Newey-designed Red Bull car, now powered by a Renault engine. They also signed Australian Mark Webber to compete alongside Coulthard. Although the car seemed competitive it was plagued by reliability issues. The team hired Geoff Willis to work alongside Newey, further increasing their technical department. Mid-season updates helped to some degree, but the best performance that year was in Hungary where Webber finished third and Coulthard fifth.
2008 was a disappointing year for the team, as despite a near identical chassis, the Renault-powered RB4 was regularly beaten by its Ferrari-powered Toro Rosso sibling. Coulthard's third in Canada was the best result the team could manage.
In a world-first, Red Bull launched their 2009 challenger virtually, via a weblink to a 3D video, narrated by new signing Sebastian Vettel. It proved to be a year of firsts for the team; Vettel went on to secure the team's first pole position at the Chinese Grand Prix, before going on to claim the team's maiden Grand Prix victory at the same event. The season saw the team become to title contenders, though Vettel fell short at the penultimate race of the year to Brawn GP's Jenson Button as the team claimed second in the constructors' championship, their highest-ever finish.
2010 would prove to be the start of an incredible period of dominance from the team, spearheaded by the technical genius of Newey, though also a period of intense rivalry between Vettel and Webber. The pair came to blows frequently during their time together, with Webber complaining about favouritism towards his younger German team-mate. Both came into the 2010 finale in Abu Dhabi as title contenders along with Fernando Alonso and Lewis Hamilton, but in the race Webber faded while Vettel took the chequered flag, and the title, his and the team's first of four successive world championships.
In 2011 and 2013 Red Bull enjoyed incredible dominance, with Sebastian Vettel winning 13 of 19 races in the latter, driving the RB9, including a record-breaking run of nine consecutive race victories. Red Bull made a change for 2014, replacing the retiring Mark Webber with Toro Rosso's Daniel Ricciardo.
Ricciardo surprised many observers by claiming three victories in 2014 while Vettel failed to win at all, as Red Bull struggled with the V6 Renault power unit. It marked the end of an era for Red Bull as it announced Vettel would leave at the end of the season for Ferrari. Daniil Kvyat joins Ricciardo at the team in 2015.