Tom's Tour Diary
Dave Gallaher: New Zealand's ANZAC hero
Tom Hamilton in Auckland
June 11, 2014
The great Dave Gallaher ©

When David Gallaher's statue was unveiled at Eden Park, it was fitting it was raining - there was more than a touch of pathetic fallacy as New Zealand commemorated one of their great players and founders of the All Blacks who fell in the trenches of the Great War.

Born in Ireland, Gallaher travelled to New Zealand with his family in May 1878. His rugby career started in Ponsonby - his All Blacks cap is in their clubhouse still to do this day - and he then played for Auckland in 1896. In 1903 came the call from the All Blacks to tour Australia. He played both hooker and at flanker and when the now historic 1905 tour of Great Britain came about, he was a shoe-in as captain.

After avoiding mutiny on the boat journey over as some player took umbrage with the number of Auckland players in the team, he played 26 matches on the tour as they won 31 of their 32 games. They scored a remarkable 976 points conceding just 59.

By that time he had already fought in the Boer War and was awarded the Imperial South African War medal for his efforts. When he returned from the 1905 tour, he married soon after and that was meant to be him settled in New Zealand. But then came the outbreak of World War One which brought tragic news from the front.

Gallaher was far too old for the war, he was 42 when he learned of the deaths of two of his brothers. He sought revenge, and his date of birth on the file when he enlisted had him three years younger than his real age. After getting through Ypres he turned attention to the Passchendaele offensive and at that stage was captain of the Second Auckland Regiment. On October 4, 1917, he led his men over the top in an assault on Gravenstafel-Abraham Heights but a wayward piece of shrapnel found its way through his helmet. It proved to be fatal.


Probably unbeknownst to him, on that fateful day he was fighting alongside my great uncle, Allan Salamonson, then aged 19, who was part of the Canterbury Infantry Regiment. Allan, who was a storeman in Port Ahuriri, was never meant to go to war, he had respiratory issues which had prevented him from joining up but peer pressure eventually saw him follow his friends and enlist on January 2. He then journeyed from Wellington to Devenport in the UK on a vessel named Tofua. He arrived on July 20 and was involved with the same offensive as Gallaher on October 4. He too was injured when he took multiple wounds to his upper right leg and it eventually proved to be fatal. He died on October 15 with the official post-mortem saying he "died of wounds".

When Gallaher lay on his deathbed, legend has it the man on the pallet next door, an Australian named Edward Fitzgerald was asked by the Irish priest who the man lying there was. "That is Dave Gallaher, captain of the 1905 All Blacks".

Gallaher is buried in grave No. 32513 at Nine Elms British Cemetery, which is just west of Poperinge in Belgium. Allan in plot VIII.I.57 in a cemetery in Boulogne, 20 kilometres south of Calais and a lot further from his home on Charles Street in Napier.

Gallaher's legacy lives on now in the trophy named after him handed out to the winners of the Auckland club league and in his revolutionary book The Complete Rugby Footballer which he wrote alongside Billy Stead. His Irish roots are also marked by a ground in Letterkenny named the 'Dave Gallaher Memorial Park'.

For my great uncle, his legacy only lives on in our family but both, lying in graves far from home, gave their lives for us future generations and for that we should be hugely thankful.

All Blacks Killed In Action During World War I
NameCap NumberAll Blacks CapsTest CareerService
James Alexander Steenson Baird19011913Canterbury Regiment
Robert Stanley Black21111914Otago Mounted Rifles and Canterbury Infantry Regiment
Henry Dewar 17521913Wellington Mounted Rifles
Ernest Henry Dodd 8311905New Zealand Rifle Brigade
Albert Joseph Downing1765 1913-1914Wellington Regiment
David Gallaher 9761903-1906 Auckland Regiment
Eric Tristram Harper11221904-1906Canterbury Mounted Rifles,
Autini Pitara Kaipara0NZ Maori1910-19111st Maoris and New Zealand Pioneer Battalion
James McNeece 19951913-1914Otago Regiment,
Alexander James Ridland 16431910New Zealand Rifle Brigade
George Maurice Victor Sellars18221913Auckland Regiment
Reginald Taylor 20221913Wellington Regiment
Hubert Sydney Turtill 13911905Royal Engineers
Frank Reginald Wilson16601910Auckland Regiment,

© ESPN Sports Media Ltd
Tom Hamilton is the Associate Editor of ESPNscrum.

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