October 4 down the years
First World War claims All Blacks legend
The gravestone of Dave Gallaher, the former All Black captain who died on this day in 1917
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New Zealand legend Dave Gallaher, who captained the original 1905 All Blacks, died during World War I at Passchendaele aged 43. Born in Co. Donegal in north west Ireland, Gallagher played 33 times for his country and won six Test caps. Thirteen former All Blacks were killed in the war, with four lost within a fortnight in June 1917 when the New Zealand Division took part in the assault on the Messines ridge. Gallaher fought in the Boer War, and although exempt from conscription due to his age, he volunteered to fight in World War One by lying about his date of birth.
Italy hooker Leonardo Ghiraldini is suspended for 15 weeks after pleading guilty to an eye-gouge on Ireland's Cian Healy during the 2011 Rugby World Cup Pool C clash in Dunedin.
France suffered their first defeat at Parc des Princes for seven years. A British & Irish Lions XV, led by Rob Andrew, won the floodlit international staged to celebrate the bi-centenary of the French Revolution 29-27.
Gavin Hastings scored two tries, a conversion, four penalties and a drop goal for the Lions with Andrew scoring the other try. Phillipe Benetton, Serge Blanco and Didier Camberabero scored tries for France.
Trevor "Tubby" Allan succeeded injured captain Bill McLean as Australia captain during their tour and he began his leadership with a resounding 49-0 victory over Northumberland/Durham Combined at Gosforth. McLean broke his leg against England Counties but his absence was not felt as the outstanding young centre, just 21 years old, skippered the side to wins over Scotland, England and Ireland
Rex Mossop, the young Australian lock who played against the 1950 British and Irish Lions, turned professional, signing for Leigh RL club in England for a reported fee of £4,000 - a then record for an Australian forward.
The Barbarians, playing against a Scottish club XV for the first time, beat Melrose 47-17 at the Greenyards in a match to mark the Scottish club's centenary.
The IRB decided to cancel its proposed Northern Hemisphere v Southern Hemisphere match. The increasingly busy international schedule was blamed for the shelving of a clash between the best players from world rugby's respective power bases.